Some general principles for staying warm include:
Wicking underwear against the skin
Several light to midweight loose fitting insulating layers
A shell layer
A thicker, warm layer to add over the others for camp, when less active
· Boots- Insulated double boots with removable liners preferred. Type will depend on mode of oversnow travel. Double ski boots (alpine mountaineering or telemark), snowmobile, or Sorel type work well.
· Wicking underwear- polypro, treated polyester, other synthetic, etc. Top and bottom
· Socks- The most important factor is a good fit with the boots that will be used. A good combo is a polypro, nylon or silk liner, then a heavier wool/synthetic blend boot sock. Have at least one spare set.
· Fleece tights and/or pants, or wool pants.
· Fleece vest and/or jacket
· Shell jacket and pants- Waterproof/breathable such as Goretex or similar. Waterproof/ non-breathable ok if well ventilated.
· Synthetic batting (Polarguard, Quallofil, etc.) or down jacket, with hood preferred.
· Glove liners- polypro, fleece or similar.
· Heavier insulating gloves or mittens- wool, fleece or similar.
· Shell gloves or mittens- waterproof.
· Insulated booties- down or polarguard
· Hats- Knit and/or fleece. Balaclava or facemask of some sort for the nasty cold stuff.
· Neck gaiter
· Ski goggles
· Sleeping bag rated to +5F or colder. Synthetic batting or down.
· Bivy sack to protect down sleeping bag from moisture in snow shelter.
· Self-inflating pad such as Thermarest, or a ½” closed cell foam pad.
· Tarp- 8’x10’ for roof on snow trench
· Space blanket or similar sized ground cloth.
· Liquid fuel stove, such as Coleman Peak I or MSR. Avoid alcohol burner or butane stoves (reduced heat output in cold weather).
· Stove base such as MSR Trillium or similar. (Can be homemade w/ plywood.)
· Cooking pot large enough to melt snow in. 2-3 liters minimum, with lid and pot grip.
· Insulated mug with lid. (Travel mugs work well.)
· Eating bowl with lid. (Tupperware or similar)
· Eating utensils, preferably not metal. Lexan works well.
· 1-liter water bottle with insulated cover. Clean wool sock works well.
· 0.5-1 liter metal insulated bottle. (Thermos)
· Candle or candle lantern
· Sunscreen and lip balm- Minimum SPF30
· Handwarmer packets
· Headlamp or flashlight w/extra batteries
· Personal first aid kit
· Personal hygiene items
· Butane lighter
· Nordic or alpine mountaineering (randonee) skis OR
· Snowshoes- Metal framed, with decking preferred.
· Climbing skins for skis.
· Snowshoe crampons (depending on terrain).
· Ski poles- adjustable length preferred.
· Snow shovel
· Avalanche beacon
· Closed cell foam sleeping mat
· Fleece coat depending on breed and acclimatization to cold temperatures. (Indoor vs. outdoor sleeper)
· Fleece booties (refer to above)
· Fabric food/water dish
· Cable or webbing tie out
· Double daily rations of dog food
· Low sodium broth to encourage drinking in cold weather
· Tracking/travel harness for extra control when on the ski lift